The road from an idea to project implementation is not easy. Therefore, each project goes through a project cycle. The cycle has five parts – programming, identification, formulation, implementation, and evaluation. CzDA is fully responsible for the identification, formulation, and monitoring and closely cooperates in the two remaining project cycle phases.
1 The programming phase means that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in cooperation with CzDA and representative offices) specifies areas of development cooperation. To achieve this, it works together with selected institutions and partners in the priority countries defined by the Government of the Czech Republic in its Resolution.
2 Then CzDA identifies a problem required to be solved in a particular country based on the needs of local recipients. Problem identification is based on knowledge of the local environment, information obtained from local partners and the representative authority, and the approved Development Cooperation Program between the Czech Republic and the given partner country.
3 The phase of formulation follows. In this phase CzDA develops the particular measures and interventions as closely as possible given the problem in question. The formulation phase also includes the selection of the project implementer through a tender or grant.
4 Implementation is carried out in the form of partner cooperation, where CzDA applies several fundamental types of cooperation. Apart from the bilateral development projects mentioned above, this cooperation includes projects within specific CzDA programs (awareness and educational programs, temporary expert assignments and assignments of university professors to the selected countries, cooperation with the private sector, and trilateral cooperation with the participation of another major donor, such as the European Commission). Together with the respective representative offices, CzDA monitors the results and regularly supervises efficient funding throughout the project.
5 Evaluation is mostly an assessment of the results and project impacts achieved. The projects and programs are evaluated on a long-term basis and in terms of sustainability. The evaluations are commissioned by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic. Retrospectively, the evaluation results form the impetus for programming, identifying, formulating, and implementing new projects.